Vegetation fire emissions and their impact on air pollution and climate

Langmann, B., B. Duncan, C. Textor, J. Trentmann, and G. R. van der Werf (2009), Vegetation fire emissions and their impact on air pollution and climate, Atmos. Environ., 43, 107-116, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2008.09.047.

Gaseous and particulate emissions from vegetation fires substantially modify the atmospheric chemical composition, degrade air quality and can alter weather and climate. The impact of vegetation fire emissions on air pollution and climate has been recognised in the late 1970s. The application of satellite data for fire-related studies in the beginning of the 21th century represented a major break through in our understanding of the global importance of fires. Today the location and extent of vegetation fires, burned area and emissions released from fires are determined from satellite products even though many uncertainties persist. Numerous dedicated experimental and modeling studies contributed to improve the current knowledge of the atmospheric impact of vegetation fires. The motivation of this paper is to give an overview of vegetation fire emissions, their environmental and climate impact, and what improvements can be expected in the near future.

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Modeling Analysis and Prediction Program (MAP)