Satellite-Based Long-Term Spatiotemporal Patterns of Surface Ozone...

Zhu, Q., J. Bi, X. Liu, S. Li, W. Wang, Y. Zhao, and Y. Liu (2022), Satellite-Based Long-Term Spatiotemporal Patterns of Surface Ozone Concentrations in China: 2005–2019, Research A Section 508-conformant HTML version of this article, doi:10.1289/EHP9406.

Department of Environmental & Occupational Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA

Harvard–Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA

State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science, Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China

State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse and School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China BACKGROUND: Although short-term ozone (O3 ) exposure has been associated with a series of adverse health outcomes, research on the health effects of chronic O3 exposure is still limited, especially in developing countries because of the lack of long-term exposure estimates. OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to estimate the spatiotemporal distribution of monthly mean daily maximum 8-h average O3 concentrations in China from 2005 to 2019 at a 0.05° spatial resolution. METHODS: We developed a machine learning model with a satellite-derived boundary-layer O3 column, O3 precursors, meteorological conditions, land-use information, and proxies of anthropogenic emissions as predictors. RESULTS: The random, spatial, and temporal cross-validation R2 of our model were 0.87, 0.86, and 0.76, respectively. Model-predicted spatial distribution of ground-level O3 concentrations showed significant differences across seasons. The highest summer peak of O3 occurred in the North China Plain, whereas southern regions were the most polluted in winter. Most large urban centers showed elevated O3 levels, but their surrounding suburban areas may have even higher O3 concentrations owing to nitrogen oxides titration. The annual trend of O3 concentrations fluctuated over 2005–2013, but a significant nationwide increase was observed afterward. DISCUSSION: The present model had enhanced performance in predicting ground-level O3 concentrations in China. This national data set of O3 concentrations would facilitate epidemiological studies to investigate the long-term health effect of O3 in China. Our results also highlight the importance

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Research Program: 
Atmospheric Composition
Aura- OMI